Cultivation of hemp is not difficult, but painstaking process that requires time, effort, finances and patience. To get a good harvest, a grower needs practice and knowledge.
Everyone makes mistakes - this is normal, but what can you do to reduce them? We will tell you everything you need to grow marijuana at home.
What you need to grow cannabis
1. First of all, it is a quality seed. Hemp seeds should not be damaged, with a yellow-white bloom. A healthy seed is hard, round, with irregularities on the surface and with a sharp nose. It is necessary that the hemp seed be with a germ, and not empty.
2. Secondly, it is the substrate. It must be of high quality. It is advisable to buy it, and not take it from the street. The fact is that the purchased soil is neutralized and there are no harmful microbes in it that can harm the bush. There are two types of purchased soil: with and without impurities. Everyone will be able to choose with which soil it is easier and easier to work with.
The substrate with fertilizers is good because it can not be fertilized for a long time, but it cannot be used for the second year under the same crop.
It's best to buy ready-made hydroponics mix.
For seed germination, experienced growers recommend taking peat capsules, as they are able to provide cannabis with all the necessary elements from the beginning of the life of hemp, and this is already half the battle.
A quality substrate is all you need to grow cannabis in a greenhouse
An ideal option would also be: soil (80%) + coconut fiber (20%).
3. Fertilizers are the basis of a generous harvest. Before planting seeds, the grower needs to calculate how much and what mineral components the bush needs for full development. Experts recommend using mineral fertilizers, not organic ones. This is because organic fertilizers contain bacteria that can harm cannabis and make it more sensitive to the environment.
Mineral fertilizers can protect the plant from fungal diseases, lichens and make it less susceptible to drought and physical damage.
4. A container and pots are all you need to grow marijuana. The most reliable and practical option is a special fiber pot (agrofibre). The main advantage of this material is that it prevents the inexperienced grower from flooding the plant. The cannabis bush will take as much water as it needs. Also, the special fiber guarantees excellent ventilation of the roots, which prevents the appearance of fungus or lichens on the plant.
For each variety, you can choose your own capacity of the pot. For example, large pots (up to 15L) are perfect for feminized plants, and small pots (6-10L) can be taken for autoflowering small bushes.
5. Growboxes are a reliable accessory that will help the grower to grow cannabis at home. Inside they are covered with a light-repellent fiber, something resembling foil, and outside with fire-resistant textiles. Devices come in different sizes, for all types of cannabis. With their help, it is easier for the grower to give the plant a favorable environment.
6. Lighting is one of the main criteria for full growth. Growers choose artificial lighting for the grow box, as it is a reliable source of light. With it, you can grow any crop, even in winter.
There are several types of artificial lighting for growboxes:
- LED - a new generation of lamps, economical, environmentally friendly and safe. They do not heat up and have a long service life if used correctly.
- DNaT is one of the most popular models among growers. An excellent model to use, reliable and practical. Emits infrared rays that stimulate plant growth. But it gets very hot during operation.
7. Ventilation is a necessary device to avoid unnecessary odors throughout the room. Provides the plant with good air exchange, which is extremely important for the normal flowering of cannabis.
8. Control and measurements are needed to give the best environment for the bush. The grower must be sure to monitor temperature, air humidity, soil acidity and other factors in order to reap a good harvest at the end of the season.
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